Foreword By Alliance:
Due to the difficulties of organising in the state of Albania, despite our fraternal links with the Albanian United Communist Party, communications are somewhat episodic at the moment.
However we believe these articles may be of interest to the Marxist-Leninist movement. We know that both are recent.
The first is a statement upon the situation in Macedonia as of last month.
The second is a historical view of the situation in Kosova, and relates also to the KLA war.
Minor changes may be made to the text as our translations are refined. However we felt that no further delay in making these materials available was warranted.
Finally a message of condolence to the family and comrades of Communist League and Alliance, upon Comrade W.B.Bland's death ends this issue.
June 17th 2001.


    As has become known from different news agencies, for some days in the north of the Macedonian Republic there have been fierce clashes between ethnic Albanians and the military squads units and the state police. In the beginning this was referred to in terms of: "some terrorists" that have come from Kosova, whose activity stirred to action military people and politicians to the East and West.

    The problem was not left un-discussed at the Council of Security at the UN. The defense minister of this artificial state of Balkans, besides ordering a vast operation using even heavy artillery, had also asked for the intervention of NATO troops in order to subdue the Albanians. Russia, Bulgaria and Greece offered military forces and armament in support of the Macedonian government. President Mejdani and Prime Minister Meta openly distanced themselves from the co-native "extremists", by condemning their act as fruitless. Meanwhile the parliament cut corners to the problem by expressing "concern about the shut down of the border with Macedonia and Kosova".

The situation was rapidly aggravated as a result of the capricious stand of the Macedonian government, encouraged probably even by the support offered from the Orthodox alliance. Correctly, the Italian vice-secretary of foreign affairs Unberto Rabieri named this support, as being "destructive" for the region. This aggravation is illustrated by the massive flight of the population in the northern territories, resulting from a vicious state terror  using all the weapons at its disposal, starting with the propaganda and leading up to heavy artillery. It is said that by the side of military and police forces they have seen even the "tigers", of the notorious Serb Arkan. It is not known what numbers of the autochthonous (ie "of or native to the soil,; one sprung from the soil- Oxford English Dictionary - Editor) Albanian civilian population have been wounded and killed. In contrast, only the victims in the ranks of the military and state police are numbered.

In Tetove massive protests of the Albanians against the state violence were waged, demanding it's immediate end. Strangely even there the heads of the parties of the Democratic Party and that of the Party for Democratic Prosperity were missing. Yet it is they who pretend to represent this population, and have expressed themselves for a peaceful solution of the existing problem (?!). Only the National Democratic Party raised its voice of protest against state terror and this party suggest a solution in the "mutual constraint and the fulfillment of the repeated demands of Albanians in conformity with European standards". This is the same stand that the Albanian political subjects of Kosova had taken, denying the accusation of the Macedonian state that pretends that the Albanian "terrorists" have come from across the northern border.

Some western European governments, besides condemning the "extremism" of the ethnic Albanians in the Republic of Macedonia, have suggested changes in the constitution concerning the rights of minorities. The USA government has shown a special interest in the inter-ethnic crisis in the Balkans, and this government has asked the sides to lay down the arms and solve the existing problems through dialogue. Skopia did not like this American stand, and has let out accusation for a support of the " terrorists" from across the Atlantic.

From Paris, wrath and venom was unleashed "with despair", against "the Albanian terrorists". Even the well known writer Ismail Kadare, branded the Albanian minority as "adventurers", "lightheaded", "suspicious", "Enver's puppies", "irresponsible", "without any logic", "cheaters", "pseudo patriots", "against any interest of the Albanians". Kadare said that:"I completely agree with the idea expressed by the international community, upon the official Tirana policy and the policy of the Albanians in Macedonia."
    The Paris refugee Kadare, goes so far as to accuse his co-natives indirectly of being "servants of Serbia" who are seeking "to put Albania in isolation", by making Kosova the prey of annexation. According to this Mister it is

Kadare further 'clarifies' that: He comes to the conclusion that this "anti-Albanian game" , "this provocation," " this trap, "this intrigue fabricated with much slyness from the anti Albanian forces" might have been planned in the most fierce anti-Albanian offices in the Balkans and in Europe" and he gives advice to his nation: because in Europe 'Albanians cannot enter like a bandit with a knife in hand and bombs in hands', but should enter like a civilized people.

This appeal of the Paris refugee reminds one of the Serb dog, Sinan Hasani, barking against the Kosova student youth that demonstrated in Prishtine two decades ago by demanding equal rights with the other people of the Yugoslav Federation.

Why should the writer be so irritated towards our autochthonous co-natives who have grabbed the arms to demand those rights that the Slav nation enjoys? Since the time they have asked for these rights in a peaceful way they have been beaten, jailed or forced to leave their hearths (homes) and have been unregistered even as citizens of the mult-ination state(?!).Why did this senior gentleman remain quiet in front of the attacks of the militia and police with the military arsenal, and which was bought specifically under a pretext of annihilation of the "terrorists" massacre the Albanian civilians, to destroy the Albanian economy and homes like in the Middle Ages.

The leader of the Democratic Party and former-president of Albania, Sali Berisha, goes even farther by asking even for a NATO intervention. The undertaking of such a step means tragic bloodshed, expansion of conflict and aggravation of the situation, which can be resolved only through fulfilling the legitimate demands of Albanians who are seeking the same rights that the Slavs enjoy in today's state. To seek the solution in NATO's attacks, means to come to the defense of a government that has deepened continuously the discrimination towards a part of its citizens. The facts speak about this. In the Yugoslav Federation this republic was considered "of Macedonians, of Albanians and of other nations" while in the Constitution of Today it is specified "of Macedonians". From this derive a number of degrading and defaming measures for the aotochthon Albanians that comprise over 40% of the population.

The anti-national stand of Berisha is not surprising when we remember the inspiration he gave to his militants to destroy and annex the 50-year old Albanian economy under the pretence of its "modernization"; or how he incited a fratricidal conflict in the country during the 90-s, and how he intoned the hymn-slogans of a fascist type such as "the communists in the rope, the veterans in the ax". We should remembr how Berisha held aggressive meetings with his militants and sympathizers; prosecuting, jailing, ordering death and inflicting tortures for his opponents; how he  ordered the armament of the DP militants in the elections of 1996 with the aim of stealing the votes and terrorizing the people; his orders to bombard the Southern Towns with poison and explosive materials when their population demanded his resignation and that of the Mafia; and how the thief government of Meksi did not even sign even a simple declaration in parliament concerning the Serb barbarisms in Kosova. Time has already exposed this ugly man of the nation.

In every conflict there are two sides, and thus both should be listened to and evaluated to at least comply even formally with the norms of the moral code. This is what the gentleman of Paris and our politicians did not do.

Our people say that one lunatic does not scare an entire village. "The fear from the "lunatic" has embraced the sinners that have entered a blind road by discriminating, jailing, prosecuting and lastly even bombarding with heavy artillery some villages with autochthonous Albanian population within the artificial creature of the Balkans.

If they are talking about simply some "terrorists", than why do they need to send troops and weapons from everywhere? Why should they burn down the quilt for a moth? The high officials of the Macedonian State threaten that "they will give the deserved response to the Albanian terrorists." Thus they confess that they have not yet understood what is happening and why it is happening in the state of snow. The world history in general and that of the Balkans in particular has witnessed that as long as a class or a nation treats as an unequal a class or another nation, the co-existence or peace between them are false. This reality contains in itself conflicts that can go up to arm clashes, and to blame is neither the class nor the oppressed nation, but those that impose the inequality.

It is clear that as long as the Balkan governments, which have to do with Albanians will cherish this mentality, (which is also favored by their allies) there will be no peace in the region. Even in the conflict that has already started there is a provocateur. This is the Macedonian state itself, with its primitive mentality of ignoring the accumulated demands of our co-natives. And in this conflict there is also a victim which is the unprotected Albanians who are beaten, jailed, deprived of their rights systematically. Never in the world can happen that a whole people can be a "terrorist and pro-terrorism". A people  never engages in war without first consuming the other means of politics. Whoever accuses a people as "rebel", "terrorist", "irredentist" and whatever epithets, has lost any logic and has no future. The will of the people is like a river and whatever you do to it, it will end up in the sea and ocean and the higher one builds the dam to it, the higher will its level get and the stronger will be its striking force over the object on its way.

We Albanian communists are spiritually united in these difficult moments with our autochthonous co-natives in the Republic of Macedonia and Southern Serbia, by raising our voice against the state terror exerted on them on the most absurd pretences. They do not want the war, they have been forced to.

The problems can be solved not by seeking arms and soldiers from abroad, like the Macedonian state is doing, but by stopping any provocation over our co-natives, and by fulfilling without delay their normal demands in conformity with the international right. Only in this way can the bloodshed and the further enmity be prevented.

The civilized world will surely raise the voice against the arrogance of some Balkan governments, that are trying to shut with fire the mouth of the Albanians who are trying to gain the same rights that the other nations have in these states.

By a leading comrade in district G.   We stress at the outset, that the long struggle of Albanian people from the Ottoman Empire (at the end of the last century) was a liberation struggle from invaders. The main problem that Marxists put forward for the national question is self-determination. Lenin stressed that self-determination of nations is equivalent to a struggle for full national liberation, full national independence, against annexation.


The Turkish Empire at the end of 19th century, enfeebled from the counter-attacks of the oppressed peoples was doing everything to further continue its domination in Balkan. This domination would serve and interests of the Western Great Powers, that were beginning their stage of imperialism development. Contradictions between them had determined the policy of a balance of forces. This balance led to a policy of preserving the Turkish state territory. To do this the imperialists put up a system of economic and political controls enabling a systematic robbery. On the other side Czarist Russia was entering the struggle way to take over territories with the pretence of protecting the Slavs and other orthodox peoples in the Balkan peninsula.   As part of this Slav scheme, the Balkan monarchies were supported by Russia. Governments of these countries renounced any democratic liberation ideals that had inspired previous national revolutions in these countries in the 1840’s. These governments now began expansionist chauvinist policies, aimed at attempting to creating big states taking pieces from other lands like Albania.   In this constellation of forces and contradictory interests, the Ottomans encountered the interests of Albanian people. The Albanians mounted rebellions which were an active part of the Balkan peoples movements, against a common foe. Although objectively there did exist the possibility of a common secular front against the Turkish empire – which would have accelerated a national liberation - this did not happen. The Serbian and Montenegros armies, were blinded by a religious and national hate against the Albanians. They enacted with fanatic zeal, the instructions of the Serbian prince Milan:
  "As many Albanians do you transform by force, will be as high your merits to the motherland".       In this context, the dramatic articles of the Russian Turkish Treaty of Saint Stephan,  became well known in Albania. According to these articles, the Balkan Slav states would take over many Albanian territories. It became clear that behind Serbian nationalism was Russian imperial expansionism. Many lands bordering on Serbia, were thereby taken over and Kosovo was put in danger.       But a strong national consciousness existed amongst Albanians, and so strong protests burst out over the country. Quite spontaneously a popular movement fighting for self-determination began. The Albanian people appealed for co-operation with the other peoples - especially that of Greece - to drive away the Ottoman yoke. But this appeal was not positively recieved, because policy in the Balkans was formed by the Great Powers and the reactionary monarchy of these countries.

    In these circumstances, in order to coordinate political, military and administrative tasks, and to represent Albanian people in the international arena, the Prizren 's Albanian League was formed. In the name of Albanian people it clearly stated its demands:

1) Acknowledgement of the Albanian nation as one and undivided; 2) Preservation of the territorial integrity of Albania, and;
3) Union of the Albanian lands under a sole administrative unit.
    The Berlin Congress was convened on the treaty of Saint Stephan, in favour of the western Great Powers. This denied Albanian national rights, deciding instead to parcel out Albanian land in favour of its’ neighbours. This criminal parceling out of Albanian grounds, was signed and passed by the Great Powers. At the London Conference of Ambassadors, the detachment from Albania of Kosovo and Cameria was enacted, favouring the chauvinist covetousness of Serbians and Greeks. Even the British ex-foreign minister E.Gray stated in the House, that: "I know very well that when everything will become known, this solution in many items will cause for many strong critics from every one who known the country... during the attempts finding a such solution had been agreement between Great Powers."
    This aggressive act has haunted the Albanian nation ever since. The intervention of the Great Powers after the Balkan Turkish war, was prompted by the strategic importance to southeast Europe of this part of South-Eastern Europe. The imperialists did not accept Valona's government and they decided to set up an "international" administration of the Albanian state under the German Prince Vid. This was a flagrant violation of political and national rights against the principle of self-determination. Nonetheless, Albania’s legal representatives had already declared independence in November 1912. But the Great Powers manoeuvred with Albanian Lands, in order to satisfy their clientele. Thereby they proved that an imperialistic logic only serves to ravish the national rights of small people. The divided Albania could not prevent the first World War. The Serbian ex-deputy Kosta Novakic was an eye-witness of Serbian terror in Albania in 1913 and wrote after this:
  "The extermination of Albanians reduced the population of Kosovo but could not change the Kosovo Albanian character. This extermination has been for Kosovo, a colonisation with Serbs. The Kosovo slavery is a most brutal example of oppression of a nation during the time of Balkan war".
    Serbians remained strong advocates of a nationla take-over, and the cultural transformation of Albanian nationality. Constantly, either by force or otherwise, a campaign against the historical and spiritual inheritance of Albanians continued. This aimed to justify the extermination of Albanians from Kosovo, as a people, supposedly "without history, culture and homeland". The continuous resistance of the Albanians followed with countless sacrifices during the battles of Azem Galica up the national liberation war, which ended finally with the autonomy of Kosovo, that was declared and given by the federal constitution of 1974.

    The autonomy of Kosovo was a result of an evolutionary history with many factors, such as:
The war of Albanian population in Kosova against the oppressing of Albanians in the old Yugoslavia;
Its taking part in the national liberation war during the second world war;
The war of the workers and of all Yugoslavian peoples for social and national rights;
The attitude of the CP of Yugoslavia, etc.

    The autonomy of Kosovo did not result from an anti-Serbian political combination. But it did result from an incorrect deviation of Serbs from the principles of co-existence and respect of national and social right of the nations in multi-national community. The autonomy of Kosovo sprang from the self-political program of the Yugoslav Communist Party, which in its first years of existence stressed the principle of self-decision of the Albanian people of Kosovo and the unification with Albania.

    This was supported even in the principles of the Atlantic Pact of the year 1941, where the right of self-decision of peoples after the victory over fascism is stressed. Tito himself in December 1942 declared, in an article: "The national matter in war" - declared that:

"Peoples of Yugoslavia will win the right of self-decision up to territorial division by their liberation war."
    Desite the contribution that the Kosovo people gave during the war, and all the sacrifices of the thousands of martyrs, Kosovo did not obtain the right of self-decision. This was betrayed by the Titoist clique, which deviated from the principles of Marxism-Leninism, falling into the positions of a bourgeoisie-revisionist party. The Kosovo people representatives themselves declared in the Conference of Bujan in 1944 to leave Serbia territorially with the status of a special republic as did all other republics. The Yugoslavian leadership, instead of approving this decision of the free will of Kosovo people, terrorized Kosovo by fire, and by bloody massacres such as that of Tivar and many others. The policy of national oppressing and of limitation of democratic rights of Albanians in Yugoslavia, under the pressure of Serbian nationalism, was turned  into a bid for hegemonic power in the state of Yugoslavia.       Kosovo then became a future mirror for the other republics. Although the ambitious pretensions of Serbia were to put exert a dominant power over the others, it did not have the military force, economic power, far less the ideological and cultural power to realise this for ever. Only a democratic alternative could solve the conflicts and put Yugoslavia out of the crisis. The limitation of the autonomy and of other democratic rights of Albanians and other peoples, objectively would produce and fire revolts and resistance. These would turn the dictatorship into a generator of racist and obscurantist Serbian ideas.   (2) WHAT IS SERBIAN PROPAGANDA, AND WHAT IS TRUTH ABOUT KOSOVO ?       The colonisation of Kosovo with Serbs was already prepared by a anti-historical feverish propaganda. In the psychogical grip of nationalism, Serbs declared that Kosovo represented the historical centre of Serbian people and the centre of creation of the Serbian state. This literacy myth became an expansionist slogan, of the Serbian state, starting during the invading Balkan war.       But scientific studies prove that the Slavians came too late in Balkan to fulfill this myth. They came at a time by when the autoconthous peoples of this peninsula - like the Helens and Illirians - had already reached important peaks of ccivilisation. Ilirians had been one of the Great people in Europe, people - as was called by one of the founder of Illiriology - Thunman - very important, as an antique people in the central and western unit of the Balkans. The Illirians during the bronze period and iron period, had developed a culture that became the Illirian ethos - one with a distinctive culture and language different from the other paleo-balkanic peoples.

The Yugoslavian scholar Alexander Sticjevic has stressed:

"Every story about Balkan starts with Ilirians".
    Among the first ancient that mentions Illirians is Herodotus; and late in the 2nd century of the new era, one Aplanit put the and of the Illirians as extending from Dalmacia up to Epire, and from Adriatic sea up to Danube, Macedonia and Thrake. But some Yugoslavian scholars start with political aims, and falsify scientific materials to substitute the place of origin, or abode, for the Dardan -  for that of  the Illirians. That is because antiquity records that the Illyrians abode, lies now in modern day Kosovo. Biased scholar have focused upon the Dardans, a people of centre Balkan, because of their continuous wars against Macedonia.
    The majority of scholars, relying on authentic written sources - whether onomastic ("Relating to or connected with a name or names or with naming... used in reference to the autograph subscription of a legal document"; Shorter Oxford Dictionary; 1988-Editor),
    toponomastic ("Place names of of a country or district as a subject of study"; Oxford Shorter English Dictionary; 1988-Editor) and
    archaeologic - have proven the Illiirian ethnicity to Dardan.
    The German historian Bydinger concludes:
  "The true Dardans the antique placement of which have to be required near Scopia are, as all the others landing in these regions, Illirians, as called so even by Strabon. "
    The Yugoslav archaeologist Emil Carshka supports Bydinger saying:
"It is no doubt about the fact that Dardans belong to teh Illirian trunk (as a branch of them)."
    With the arceologic discoveries in Koman of Kukes the scholars have proved that keepers and continuers of the culture of Koman had been  a population of Illirian origin; who from written documents discovered later, are variously called Albans, Arbanics and arbers.
These discoveries document completely the continuity of Albanians from Ilirians.
    After the 9th century, Arbers enter the period of a national character formation. This coincides with the gradual forming of feudal relations, with a consolidation of a feudal class in country, with a role becoming ever greater. In his studies Shuflay had stressed:
  "Albanians formed from mountains - are a great form of antiquity. They are not at all powerless stony relics, but a living national gathering".
    It was exactly this great form that created a vital people, proud and brave before the Serbian misery.       The second item that is used by the Serbian chauvinists to justify neo-colonization of Kosovo, is that the Albanians are a minority in Kosovo.
    Albanians in Yugoslavia are 2.5 million inhabitants; 90% of the population in Kosovo are Albanians and only 10 % are a minority like Serbians, Romers, Turkish, etc. For centuries the Albanians lived in a compact territory with their antique and original culture, tradition and language being intact. They made the 3rd nation, by number of the population in the Yugoslavian Federation, and were by constitution of this federation - even a constitutive element in Yugoslavian legislature itself. They were not treated as a minority in the consitution, but were identified as a nation in itself, even in the Yugoslavian constitutional rights. As such, they were put on an equal footing with the other subjects of the Federation.
    In a multi-nation states it is natural that numerically a nation may be great or small, but it is not correct, that the judicial aspects of a constitution expect differences between a minority and a majority. Objectivity requires that all the nations and nationalities in the multi-native states must have equal rights in all fields. They must be left to self-govern, to have the right to solve in an independent way their own problems.
    This right was refused to Kosovo people for more than century, turning it in a colony of Serbia with an economic development very backward compared with the industrialisation of other regions of Serbia. The desertion of Serbs from Kosovo - who left volunatrily in order to get a better job in the city of Serbia -  has been labelled as "expelling them by force". This distortion is done purposely and is used to justify the expulsion by force of Albanians from their lands. Simply in the years 1945-1981 hundreds and thousands of Albanians were forcibly expelled to Turkey.   (3) WHAT HAS BEEN THE STAND OF THE OTHER NATIONS OF YUGOSLAVIA FEDERATION TOWARDS THE KOSOVO CAUSE?       The deafening silence on the crimes of anti-Albanians forces, is not simply a political naivety; nor simply a stand aimed to direct the nationalistic barbarian hordes towards the south in order to have the north quiet. The other nations thought that giving support to Serbian nationalism, would bring Serbia into accepting a division of power. By abandoning Kosovo in memory of Serbian nationalism, instead of protecting the principles of Federalism, (ie the practice of social and state existence fixed in the constitution of '74), Serbo-Slovenia returned the arms with which they could defend themselves, when they would be  attacked by Serbian hegemony aiming at a unitarian state. It was this Serb hegemonism that created the objective bases for inter-ethnic bickering and the division of the Federation.
    This makes clear the final dis-respect of the principle of the proletarian internationalism, and the final abandonment of Marxism-Leninism by the Yugoslavian Communist League. By abandoning the Albanian people of Kosovo in their war for national and social rights, Yugoslavian nations damaged themselves, because they found themselves within days under the same enemy fire of Serbian nationalism.
4. WHAT WAS THE ATTITUDE OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS TO KOSOVO CAUSE ?       The wild oppression that was wrought on the Albanian people of Kosovo following the fascist platform of Cubrilovics, the ethnic cleaning of Kosovo, obliged the European Parliament even very late on April 12th 1989, to stress in a resolution the dangers if Yugoslavia continued such violent nationalist feeling. The EEC warned that such a thing would not be without consequences to Europe. The European parliament reminded the Yugoslavian government of their duties, and the convents that had been signed. It recommended Yugoslavia to let free the political prisoners, who had remained incaracerated for 10 years.       Another declaration came from State Department of America to stop the violence and bloodshed in Kosovo, but the situation became daily  more dangerous.
    After the Dayton agreement the geopolitical map of the Federation changed.  Division occurred of Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia and finally Bosnia. But this agreement left out the Albanian matter of the Kosovo, where it was well known that her people had already declared for independence in 1990. Again Kosovo was to be sacrified like all previous times, by the West Imperialist Powers.
    In this moment of life or death, Albanians of Kosovo supporting their best traditions, created the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) in order to protect themselves from intolerable Serbian terror and massacres. These were being perpetrated with the objective of the creation of a "Greater Serbia". The fascist policy of Miloscevic clique was more blatant than ever before. The reprisals of the years of the '60's, were repeated massacring civil people, women, old men, children; distroying houses; burning villages and provinces; violating girls and killed them; opening massive burial grounds; expelling by force to Albania.

    We that have seen, been near or heard these scenes will at no time  forget them.

    The world's peoples could see only one millionth of them because Miloscevic excluded reporters of television stations and journalist from Kosovo. However the massacres by Serbian chauvinism in Kosovo will be a perpetual shame for Serbian people that allowed it free hands. It  will be a perpetual shame for those pretenders of peace in the imperialism period that duped the peoples. It is a shame for all of those that supported - in whatever manner the fascist clique of Miloscevic.

It was the Albanians verdict to organize the KLA to fight Serbian oppressor up to the point of victory which, obliged the different imperialist powers to offer a "solution". It was not from a humanism" that imperialism stepped up, as pretends H.Milloshi.

    Although coming from opposite interests, they came to an agreement to put off the liberty war of Kosovo people. The KLA took part in the Rambouillet conference for these purposes:

1. To unify the Albanian factor in Kosovo which was splintered, and this thing was apparent to all peoples. Rugova and his supporters were against the struggle of the KLA.

2. To obtain allies in a difficult war, an important element in every struggle.

      In this case, as during the previous recent years, with his attitude Demac took a position against the interests of his people.

    The Albanian Communists greeted the NATO-attack on the side of liberators Albanians of Kosovo without feeding illusions about imperialist powers.
    They are free from the responsibilities that rest on the shoulders of  those who denied the Albanians national question of the divided territories and their population.
    We consider now the first step is to denounce thesetreaties that made this criminal parcelling. On contrary we have right to think that this  pro-KLA line, was done only for other aim that start (have an origin) from an expansionist imperialism.


'Every war was violence over the nations but not stop the socialists to be for revolutionary war" (Lenin Selected Works Vol.2 f, 423, Tirane 1958).
    If when a people demands the same rights as the other nations in a multi-national state, it is oppressed and refused everything, must it raise up in a liberation war?
    We say: "YES" and this war must be helped by all the means.
  "Class character of the war -that was the principal matter appeared before the socialist" (Lenin same work f 432).
    As the war of the KLA was in the interests of wide masses of people; and it touched only the interests of the dominating nation and of a small group (the big bourgeoisie of the country that had created many relations with the oppressor-nation, as Rogova's class had, which sabotaged the liberation war) it must be greeted and encouraged as a correct war.
"When we have to do with occupied countries ... i.e with the countries that are colonised or semi-colonised then the slogan of rightness of the people detaching, is a revolutionary slogan, and to take hand off from it, is to say to play the game of imperialists" (Stalin Vol.5,f. 40, Mosca 1953).
    Why then are liberators accused as being the "players of imperialism'; while the preachers against the war have to be called "Marxist Leninist"?
  "Most peoples, with the demolition of the old colonial system, made a great step forward towards independence, forming their national states, and after this step, they are inspired to go farther. They need the disappearance of the neo-colonialist system, of every imperialist dependence, of every exploitation of foreign capital, need full economic and politic sovereignity and independence. " (Hoxha E. Imperialism and revolution f, 172-173,Tirane 1978)
    Under these inspirations, the people of Kosovo followed KLA, filling its' ranks with workers, peasants, revolutionary intellectuals and others. Rugova and his followers of the discredited peace-way tried to isolate the KLA from the people. Rugova made accusations of the KLA being  "a tool of Yugoslavian secret police (UDB)", but over time the contrary was shown. Despite tens of accusations from eurocommunists, Titoists, Khruscevists, Mao-Tse-Tung-ists, etc,  the freedom fighters with uncounted sacrifice and proletarian discipline are obtaining repeated success.
    If some great powers supported the KLA, and others supported the Serbian aggressor - that speaks of how touched their interests were by this war.
    If cleverly, the liberty fighters exploited these contradictions to obtain short term allies, why must be blamed?
  "These contradictions need to be used by the people, to deepen them in order to profit from them";
(Hoxha same work f 174) .
    Another accusation against the KLA has been that " It was transformed into a tail of NATO".
The facts are contrary to this disinformation.

    Firstly, KLA had started the frontal battle against the Serbian aggressor at least a year before the western governments with USA at the head, approved the air attack of NATO against Serbia.

    Secondly, the war of KLA was determined to obtain victory. This is an axiom in military art by which the victory belongs to that force that dominates actions in the ground.

    Thirdly, the defiance in war of the best sons and daughters of the people of Kosovo, did not happen because it came to the head of Clinton or Blair, but because national oppression had arrived at a critical point where it is was a matter of discussing either liberty or death.

"Human beings always find the solution, only when the material conditions to solve it exist, or at least, when these conditions are possible";
(Marx-Engels Selected Works Vo.l,f 377, Tirane 1975)
    Another accusation is that the KLA was formed by the Albanian anti-communist anti-YCL who had emigrated in West. But:

    Firstly the YCL, according to Tito (himself) mentions, was degenerated and transformed in an educative propagandistic association thieves, serviles". Can this be called anti-Communists? To be against such a party that has nothing M-L except the name?

    Secondly, the Kosovars never at any time renounced the wish for their motherland.
    We regret that even the alias of Serbia was made "red" in front of the unprecedented genocide. This fostered criticism towards NATO attacks. The revisionists and their rascals didn't stop their street barking, taking on a stigma of shame as the people's enemies, as resolute opponents of liberty and independence.

    The Albanian United Communist Party denies such attitudes, including even this one of H. Milloshi that entered in this "antiwar" chorus, when martyred Drenica was in flames; and its legendary sons - such as Adern Jashari - sacrificed their lives to stop the bloody hand of the Serbs.
    We have and will support such war for national and social liberty of the peoples because:

"...national liberation movements are part of one revolutionary process, of international proletarian revolution".
(Hoxha E. same work p. 171, Tirane 1978).

Long live to the immortal work of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Enver!

Long live to the international communist movement!
Cmde LS, For the Albanian United Communist Party.

Circa April 2001. ____________________________________________________ 
 TRIBUTE TO BILL BLAND To:  the family of  William Bland;
the Communist League of Britain.

Dear Family members and relatives of our beloved comrade and friend Bill Bland.
With profound sorrow we have learned this evening about the unexpected death of our beloved comrade and friend Bill Bland. With this man, having a clear spirit like amber, a sincerity like no one else, faithful like few men in this world, farsighted, clear in thought; we were fortunate to have had connections for several years and we were able to exchange opinions about many matters that pre-occupy true communists today. Through this continued exchange, we learned a great deal about how not to stray from the path we were taking.

The analysis that beloved Bland has made with regards to the developments in the former Soviet Union, in China, in Korea, in Vietnam and in Cuba, are of a special importance and have thus entered into the golden fund of Marxist-Leninist literature. The articles 'On Stalin' and 'In defence of Enver Hoxha', which we have translated and published in our press, have been read, with great interest, by thousands of people, receiving the highest praise. COMPASS, where the bright mind of Bland has continuously been present, has been a most valuable  publication for Albanian communists because it has, in addition to  information, also given precise opinions based upon Marxist-Leninist methodology.

For Albanians, Bland remains a true friend due to the fact that he has brought to light, like no one else, the intrigues and the traps  organised by the imperialist powers, against the interests of our nation during the past one hundred years. The original documents in the book 'A Tangled Web' reflect his international communist character  and morals. Our dear comrade and friend Bill Bland  will be greatly missed, not only by his country and family, but by the whole world communist movement, as a man full of virtue and rare political analysis.

On this occasion, on behalf of the communists of Albania, we express our sorrow by being spiritually close to you. Long live his memory!

Muharrem Xhafa, Secretary KQPKBSH
Laver Stroka, First secretary of the PKSH committee for the region of  Gjirokaster
Fitim Caushi, Member of the Central Committee of the PKBSH