ALLIANCE 33: June 1999
THE KOSOVA CRISIS
CONTENTS ALLIANCE 33
Part One: Is the
principle of "Rights to self-determination redundant?" Or "anti-socialist"?
Part Two: DID FOREIGN CAPITAL
"BREAK UP" THE STATE OF YUGOSLAVIA? Contains
Recently a tremendous sorting out has
taken place, between those who simply call themselves Marxist-Leninist
and those who are Marxist-Leninists. This concerns the stands taken by
a number of organizations upon the imperialist machinations in the Balkans
i) The Financial State of Former Yugoslavia
ii) Exploitation of National Chauvinism http://www22.brinkster.com/harikumar/Albania/All33-pt2.htm
PART 3: WHO IS MILOSEVIC; WHAT ARE
HIS IDEOLOGY AND GOALS? http://www22.brinkster.com/harikumar/Albania/All33-pt3.htm
PART 4: DENIAL OF MASSACRES. Did
massacres occur in a Milosovic inspired Serb revanchism?
PART 5: A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE KLA
- WHO IS THE KLA? WHO FUNDS THEM? WHERE ARE THEY GOING? http://www22.brinkster.com/harikumar/Albania/All33-pt5.htm
PART 6: The Real War Aims of the
USA-Led NATO Imperialists in The Balkan War of 1999 consisting of:
Sections Of Marxist-Leninist Left Take Only A
Claims of the Imperialists -"Humanitarian"
Intervention In The Balkans
The Overall Strategy Of The War
Setting The War Stage: Ensuring A "Failed Negotiation"
- Casus Belli
(1) THE FIRST REAL REASON FOR THE WAR:
INTER-IMPERIALIST STRUGGLE FOR MASTERY OF
THE WORLD – "GLOBALISATION" AND POWER BLOCKS
The USA's Need to "Degrade" and render the United
A Desire to Open Serbia’s Monopoly, and to enforce
a "free market"
The Inter-imperialist Struggle Between NAFTA
and EEC Imperialism – The Hijack of the EEC
The Oskar Affair
The European Commission And Exposure Of Its "Corruption".
The Euro’s Poor Performance In International
The Anglo-German Accord
The Nature of The "Temporary Truce" - the EEC
And Its' Army Debate
(2) THE SECOND UNDERLYING REAL REASON FOR
WAR:OIL IN THE NEAR EAST
(3) THE THIRD UNDERLYING REAL REASON FOR WAR:
THE REFINEMENT AND TESTING OF WAR TACTICS
Launching The War
PART 7: Ensuring The "End-Game":
The USA Uses The Leading Faction of the pro-USA Compradors Within the KLA
To Effect Partition"- Consists of:
The End of the War
Disarmament Or Demilitarization?
Ensuring A Partition
The Remaining Factions Of The KLA And Their
The Position of the Albanian Government
CONCLUSIONS TO ALLIANCE 33 http://www22.brinkster.com/harikumar/Albania/All33-pt7.htm
APPENDIX: An article from Jane’s Defence Weekly: "The
KLA: Braced to Defend and Control";
of Alliance Marxist Leninist, on the break up of the revisionist state
of Yugoslavia has been made totally clear.
In brief: We condemn NATO bombing
and war moves; AND:
positions are to be found on the web page for Alliance, and are incorporated
in a statement issued by many organisations of the "International Struggle
Marxist-Leninist" grouping. See: http://www22.brinkster.com/harikumar/ISML/ISMLOnNATO99.htm
We condemn Milosovic fascism
and Serb national oppression of the Kosovar
PREVIOUS ARTICLES UPON KOSOVA
AND THE PRE-HISTORY TO THE CRISIS
articles – in toto and often by themselves – show that the Kosovan peoples
were suppressed under Tito and were even further suppressed under Milosovic;
and that a war of national liberation was not only inevitable – but that
it should be supported by Marxist-Leninist.
1) These positions, are consistent with
the positions of Stalin on the National Question, and with Stalin and Hoxha
on the application to Kosova. We show this in an article, that also deals
with the Yugoslavian distortion of the National Question and this impact
on the Bosnia crisis in recent years. See: http://www.allianceML.com/AllianceIssues/ALLIANCE18-BOSNIA95.html
2) Alliance has also explored the views of the
Communist Party Albania, and in separate article the nature of the Kosovan
crisis separately. See: "Upon the Situation in Kosova; And A Note From
The Communist Party Albania. Dated 1998"; http://www22.brinkster.com/harikumar/AllianceIssues/ALLIANCE29-KOSOVA-MILLOSHI.html
3) Before the current war, we dealt with the
distortions on the matter of the Kosovan national question by revisionists
such as "Editions Democrite" (France). To this polemical debate with "Editions
Democrite", the latter refused to reply as Alliance’s reply was "Too long".
We print with this "non-debate", an article from CEMOPI on Great Serb Chauvinism
as the undying theme of Milosovic, and an article by Communist League detailing
the Kosovan crisis – See: http://www.allianceML.com/AllianceIssues/ALL32-KOSOVAANTI-ED.html
4) Finally of some relevance to the strategic
aims of the USA led imperialist in the Balkans is an article upon "The
Albanian crisis precipitated by the fraudulent Pyramid scheme". See:
Many histories of the Kosova
crisis-situation are available, that clearly delineates a long pre-history.
Even though many sources who claim either to be Marxist-Leninist; or who
pose as Liberal deny the existence of this pre-history – it certainly exists.
BOILS DOWN TO CERTAIN KEY FACTS:
1) The partition of Albania by the imperialist
Great Powers and the ceding of part of Albania – the Kosova section to
the Serbians – at the Treaty of London in 1913;
these above articles were written, a major war has taken place. This war
has made the situation for the Kosovars even worse than it was. "The Economist";
ran an editorial titled "Making the best of a bungled war":
"So far, the West's war against Serbia has been
a shambles. The humanitarian catastrophe it was designed to avert has merely
been intensified. Nearly a million people, over half of Kosovo's population,
have been driven from their homes; thousands are missing, perhaps dead,
Serbia's military machine looks defiantly intact; barely a score of its
1,300-odd tanks have been destroyed. Dazzled by technology and obsessed
with avoiding casualties, the allies seem to be unable to hurt, let alone
destroy, Serbia's army."
2) The guarantee given by the revisionist Tito,
to both the Albanian Marxist-Leninist Enver
Hoxha and the people of Kosova, that following
the war the people of Kosova could by free vote decide whether to secede
into Albania or remain part of the Yugoslav Federation that Tito envisaged
would be set up. Tito reneged on that promise.
3) However Tito ensured some degree of autonomy
within a Federation status for the region of Kosova. Tito and his successors
treated it as a poor colony however, and all statistics show that consistent
with the abuse of the National Question in former Yugoslavia, the Kosovans
were an oppressed minority.
4) Nonetheless the Kosovar Albanians formed a
majority within the state of Kosova, numbered at greater than the Serbs
5) When Milosovic came to power, he did so by
deliberately inflaming the racial tensions within the Kosova region, and
by racist and chauvinist means – set Kosovar Serbs against Kosovar Albanians.
Even at this time many that call themselves "Marxist-Leninist" did not
come out against Serb chauvinism.
6) To further weld his own power base, Milosovic
continued to push the racist buttons, and now ascended into an open genocidal
attack upon Bosnia Moslems. Again the same tactic he had already used in
Kosova was pursued. That is to say, ethnic Serbs living cheek-to-jowl by
other ethnic peoples were inflamed into a misguided hatred. This by degree
escalated into chilling scenes of genocide by Serbia military against Bosnia
Muslims. The tactic of so-called "ethnic cleansing" in the Balkans, was
blatant. Yet, it was denied as "lies; as fabrications of the Western press;
and even by staged fakes" – not only by the Serb leaders such as Milosovic,
but also by pro-Serb chauvinists outside former Yugoslavia; and regrettably
many who pose as "Marxist-Leninists".
7) The Bosnian war resulted in the further penetration
of imperialism into the Yugoslav arena, where they had until recently been
over-shadowed by the social-imperialist (Post-death of Stalin) USSR.
8) The battle between EEC and USA imperialists
over the corpse of the formerly revisionist state of Yugoslavia – resulted
in the deliberate partitioning of Bosnia. Marxist-Leninists know that the
ulterior motives behind "partitioning" of a state are to "Divide and rule";
to create an on-going tension based often on racism – to enable the imperialist
to play their continued dominating rule.
9) Meanwhile the racist policies and the naked
self-aggrandizement of Milosovic were beginning to weaken his popularity.
In the meantime, sanctions against Milosovic were beginning to some extent
take effect. These coupled with an emerging coalition aimed to unseat Milosovic,
propelled Milosovic back to the same seat where he had previously exercised
so much success. Back to Kosova.
10) As Serbian brutality rose in Kosova, the
previous representatives of the Kosovar national bourgeoisie –
– lost their previous popularity. It is true
that they had swept to victory in a referendum, that called for restoration
of their autonomy status as first step towards national independence. But
Milosovic simply ignored this democratically expressed wish of the Kosovars
and clamped down in a brutal fascist step. This left the Kosovar peoples
clear that if they were to fight for their national rights – it was not
only to be a fight at the ballot stations but also in the streets and village.
11) Consequently the Kosovan Liberation Army
grew. As it grew, the primitively organized and poorly equipped army
– mainly at the beginning staffed by émigrés who returned
to take up arms – gained military expertise. Finally it was able to challenge
the Serbian army and police forces.
PRE-HISTORY HAS BEEN EXTENSIVELY DETAILED ELSEWHERE IN ALLIANCE (Home page
at web site of Alliance).
WHY DOES MORE NEEDED TO BE
WRITTEN UPON THIS MATTER?
May 8th; 1999; London.
was the war about? There is a general and widespread confusion around this
war. In all the rhetoric, many Marxist-Leninists have often simply provided
cover for the Milosovic led Serbian fascists. In the process they objectively
assisted the world imperialist powers in achieving their ends in the Balkans.
Of course many people have been confused, as imperialism even when displaying
naked aggression as in the Balkans, uses many camouflages hiding its real
Thus the dilemma of the world’s
lies in weighing the appalling records and
actions of Milosovic against the patently disgusting NATO bombing. This
divides them into pro and anti NATO camps. But, Marxist-Leninists do not
expect that liberals could see that the Milosovic regime has been itself
an instrument of the war games of the USA. Such an example is provided
by the "Democratic Socialists of America" (DSA); whose Steering Committee
call issued on the April 21 1999, simply notes that:
"There can be little doubt that Serbian nationalism
and a series of orchestrated "crises" by the Milosevic government are primarily
responsible for the present tragedy."
But the DSA can only call
"The withdrawal of all Serbian military and paramilitary
forces from Kosovo and the subsequent disarmament of the KLA." And "The
introduction of an international force including significant non-NATO elements
in Kosovo to protect all residents of Kosovo and ensure the autonomy of
a democratically elected provincial government;" and "The return of all
refugees to Kosovo."; and the DSA sees that: "The situation in Kosovo demonstrates
the need for a truly international peacekeeping force, under United Nations
The dilemma of the various Trotskyite
groupings is very similar. Reflecting their Troskyite viewpoint of "Socialism
Now!" – most of the world’s Trotskyites do not support the KLA. The most
active including the SWP and the Workers World have actively condemned
the Kosovars. There are some exceptions, such as the "Green-Left" section
in Australia. Consistent with their tentative breaking away from main stream
Trotskyism – they endorse the validity of the KLA liberation struggle.
Their move away from Trotskyism should be supported by non-sectarian Marxist-Leninists.
The Green Left section in Brisbane (email@example.com)
issued this call on 27 April :
"STOP US/NATO WAR ON SERBIA! SELF-DETERMINATION
FOR KOSOVA! We oppose both the US-led NATO war against Serbia/Yugoslavia
and the Serbian authorities' genocidal campaign of terror against the ethnic
Albanian majority in Kosova (the region termed "Kosovo" by the Serbian
regime). We support the right of the Kosovar people to self-determination,
which includes their right to independence from Serbia. The NATO powers'
war against Serbia/Yugoslavia has nothing to do with defending the Kosovar
people against Serbian persecution, which began a decade ago and which
these powers did nothing against. " Full Statement At: http://www.peg.apc.org/~greenleft/
Finally there are those that call
themselves Marxist-Leninist. Marxist-Leninists claim to be scientific Marxists,
whose actions are based on concrete analysis of events. We charge that
many calling themselves "Marxist-Leninist" have failed to fulfill this
claim. Most self-labeled Marxist-Leninist groupings that we are aware of
have indeed called for the immediate cessation of bombing of both Serbia
and Kosova. But most refuse to support the KLA – and condemn actively those
who do. This article aims to examine the reasons offered by which they
justify NOT extending support to the Kosova Liberation Army.
We will here argue that the
current Kosova crisis and war – is yet another manifestation of the USA
imperialist maneuvers in the Balkans. Further that this crisis is an extension
of the Dayton strategy of imperialism. Finally that
the KLA is anti-Marxist-Leninist, and in the long run pointless. Just as
the war has perplexed and divided the liberals, the Trotskyites – it has
also not led to clear "fault-lines" in the Marxist-Leninist left. Thus
although the main pro-Maoist groupings such as the Brussels formation of
the PTB do not even mention the Kosovar nation let alone support it – not
all Maoists have fallen into this line. Thus the Workers Party New Zealand
offer a very principled line, to be found at <http://home.clear.net.nz/pages/wpnz/kosovo%20serbia%20nato.htm>.
The USA NATO-led bombing is
a logical extension of the imperialist aims at the Dayton Agreement, which
is aimed at a division of the Balkans allowing the USA a permanent foot-hold
on the ground of the Balkans. It is for that reason that the war was fostered
and deliberately provoked by the USA imperialists. It is for that reason
that the KLA was never clearly armed and supported by USA imperialism.
It is for that reason that the KLA must clearly distinguish its own goals
– national liberation for Kosova and the rights of self-determination.
THIS ISSUE OF ALLIANCE WILL:
Present some of the main arguments that have been offered by the Marxist-Leninist
movement, to justify NOT supporting the KLA. This means examining
several questions outlined in the Table of Contents.
TABLE CONTENTS ALLIANCE
a brief outline of the chronology of recent events in the Kosova crisis-Go
To Part One of Alliance 26 cited above; at:
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