ON 21 DECEMBER 1988, A BOEING 747 PASSENGER AIRCRAFT BELONGING TO THE US AIRLINE 'PAN AMERICAN WORLD AIRWAYS' CRASHED IN FLAMES ON THE TOWN OF LOCKERBIE. NEAR DUMFRIES IN SCOTLAND.
THE PLANE WAS A PAN AM FLIGHT 103, EN ROUTE FROM FRANKFURT TO NEW YORK, VIA LONDON.
ALL 259 PASSENGERS AND CREW WERE KILLED, AS WELL AS 11 PEOPLE IN THE TOWN.
On 28 December 1988:
"David Fieldhouse, an experienced police surgeon, whose contract was
abruptly terminated last year, explains how labels he had placed on all
but two of the bodies were removed. . . .One body was simply 'spirited
(Richard Norton-Taylor: 'Bomb was carried by a CIA Drug Mule', in: 'Guardian', 16 November 1994; p. 12).
According to the 'Sunday Times', in October 1988, two months before
the Lockerbie disaster, the anti-terrorist unit of the West German police
was carrying out a surveillance operation which they called 'Operation
Autumn Leaves', in the city of Neuss on visitors to the flat of an Arab
greengrocer - his brother-in-law Hafez Kassem Dalkamoni (a 43-year-old
Jordanian) and a recently arrived friend, Marwan Abdel Khreesat (also aged
Dalkamoni and one other suspect -- Abdel Chandafar, a Jordanian -- were
kept under arrest, and were later:
"At present there is no explanation for his release, but detectives
. . have described the handling of the inquiry as 'the biggest police scandal
in the history of the Federal Republic",
(David Leppard: 'Lockerbie: The Tangled Trail';, in: 'Sunday Times', 5 November 1989; p. A15).
"Khreesat, it turned out, was a double-agent, who was pretending to
be working for the PFLP -- GC while co-operating with an intelligence service
friendly to the West. His role was known to the West German secret service.
From transcripts seen by 'Panorama', it is apparent that he was released
in exchange for his information. He apparently told his . . . debriefers
that he had made five devices. . . . There is a strong probability that
the fifth device was the one that destroyed Pan Am 103".
(Gavin Hewitt: 'Up in the Air', in: 'Listener', Volume 122, No. 3,144 (14 December 1989); p. 11).
"Warning that a bomb would be placed on an aircraft flying from Frankfurt
was not passed by the Department of Transport to Heathrow".
(Harvey Elliott, Philip Webster & Michael Evans: 'Doubts grow over 747 Bomb', in: 'Times', 24 December 1988; p. 1).
ACCORDING TO GODDARD & COLEMAN, THE REAL AUTHOR OF THE LOCKERBIE DISASTER WAS THE IRANIAN GOVERNMENT.
On 3 July 1988, in the Persian Gulf:
"Soon after Lockerbie, . . . intercepts . . . showed money - $12 million
- being transferred as payment for the successful destruction of Pan Am's
Flight 103. . . . The country congratulating the terrorists on a job well
done was . . . Iran. And the money was being paid to a terrorist group
headquartered in Syria and led by the Palestinian, Ahmed Jibril. . .
No one has denied the authenticity of the intercepts, or the interpretation of them. It was the Americans who first pointed them out".
(Alasair Palmer: 'Lies, Libya and Lockerbie', in: 'Spectator', Volume 268, No. 8,542 (28 March 1992); p. 12, 13).
On 30 October 1990, NBC News reported:
On 22 December 1988, the Libyan government:
"Syria sided with the pro-Western camp at the Cairo summit (on 2 August
1990) and on Aug. 20 the first contingent of 1,200 Syrian troops was despatched
to Saudi Arabia".
('Keesing's Record of World Events', Volume 36; p. 37,637).
"The men are said to have stored explosives at Luqa airport, Malta;
built a bomb hidden in a Toshiba radio; called at a shop to buy clothes
used to wrap around the bomb, and placed the contents in a suitcase with
Air Malta tags. On 21 December they are said to have placed the suitcase
on board Air Malta flight KM180 to Frankfurt airport. It was carried to
Pan Am flight 103 bound for New York via Heathrow. The device in the suitcase
detonated above Lockerbie, Scotland".
(James Cusick: 'Gaddafi prepares a Sacrifice', in: 'Independent', September 30 1993; p. 29).
In other words, the US and British imperialists:
(1) the hypothesis that the suitcase containing the bomb:
on 21 December 1988.
2) evidence from managing director Edwin Bollier of the Swiss company, Meister et Bollier (MEBU) (of Zurich) with regard to the fragment of a timer found in the debris and identified as made by MEBU:
On 4 December 1991:
On 7 December 1991:
On 13 February 1992:
The Libyan case was, therefore, that the Libyan government had acted entirely in conformity with the Convention.
On 31 March 1992, the UN Security Council:
"Approved Resolution 748 that if Libya by April 15 had failed to comply
with the UN resolution of Jan. 21 by handing over the two Lockerbie bombing
suspects, UN member-states would impose mandatory sanctions against Libya.
. . .
Five of the 15 Council members -- Cape Verde, China, India, Morocco and Zimbabwe -- abstained from the vote. which was supported by the other 10 countries. . . . This was only the fourth time on which the UN had imposed sanctions, the previous occasions being sanctions against Rhodesia, South Africa and Iraq".
('Keesing's Record of World Events', Volume 38; p. 38,839).
On 15 April 1992:
On 22 January 1994, the Libyan leader, Colonel Moamer al Kadhafi, told the General People's Congress:
"That he approved of The Hague (the Netherlands) as 'an appropriate
place' for the trial",
('Keesing's Record of World Events', Volume 40; p. 39,836).
On 15 December 1994 it was announced
"That Pan American World Airlines was suing . . . for $300 million for
the bombing of Flight 103 . . . the state of Libya, Libyan Arab Airlines
and two Libyan citizens accused of carrying out the attack".
('Keesing's Record of World Events', Volume 39; p. 39,732).
"Alleged that the bomb attack was in fact ordered by Iran, in retaliation
for the US attack on an Iranian Airbus in the Gulf in July 1988, in which
290 people were killed. Iranian officials, it was claimed, then commissioned
the Syrian-backed 'People's Front for the Liberation of Palestine -- General
Command' (PFLP - GC) to carry out the attack",
('Keesing's Record of World Events', Volume 40; p. 39,792).
"Michael Hurley, the US Drug Enforcement Agency's former attache to
the US Embassy in Cyprus, is suing Bloomsbury, publishers of 'Trail of
the Octopus', written by a former US defence intelligence agent, Lester
Coleman. The book contradicts denials by the DEA and the CIA that they
used Lebanese 'assets' to smuggle heroin to the US via Frankfurt airport".
(Richard Norton-Taylor: op. cit.; p. 12).
"He applied for asylum".
(Donald Goddard & Lester K. Coleman: op. cit.; p. 221).
The film 'The Maltese Double Cross'. directed by Allan Francovich, alleges:
"That the bombing was financed by Iran and planned by members of Ahmed
Jibril's then Syrian-based 'People's Front for the Liberation of Palestine
- General Command' (PFLP - GC) in revenge for the US's accidental shooting
down of an Iranian airbus over the Gulf in July 1988".
(Richard Norton-Taylor: op. cit.; p. 12).
"Withdrawn . . . by the London Film Festival. The festival organisers
say it was pulled because 'certain statements similar to those made in
the film are currently the subject of of legal action"'
(Richard Norton-Taylor: ibid.; p. 12).
THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THE LIBYAN GOVERNMENT WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE LOCKERBIE
DISASTER WAS DEVELOPED BY THE IMPERIALISTS AFTER AUGUST 1991 –
NOT FOR REASONS OF HISTORICAL FACT –
BUT FOR REASONS OF POLITICAL EXPEDIENCY.
According to Alasdair Palmer, the Iranian intercepts mentioned on page
5 (See above):
"The only problem is who to hit. . . . The deciding factor isn't who
was responsible, but who can be hit without damaging any of America's current
interests in the Middle East".
(Alasdair Palmer: op. cit.; p. 13).
"Relatives of victims who died in the explosion as well as commentators
on the Middle East have grown increasingly suspicious that Tripoli's alleged
role was in reality a convenient method of removing Damascus from the list
('Times', 15 November 1991; p. 2).
"Almost universal scepticism greeted the news that the Libyans were
(Donald Goddard & L4ester K. Pearson: op. cit.; p. 119).
"The ultimate outcome of the Lockerbie affair could be that the Western
powers take military action against a small Third World country without
having proved to the satisfaction of those who matter most in this respect
-- Libyans, Arabs and the Third World in general -- that Colonel Gadafy
really was responsible for it. . . . The Arabs would see that as another
case of 'Arab-bashing', and . . . in the absence of proof of guilt, they
would inevitably regard another raid on Libya as a form of 'state terrorism',
as indefensible as the form of terrorism it was supposed to combat".
('Guardian', 28 February 1992; p. 21).
THE MARXIST-LENINIST RESEARCH BUREAU
BOWMAN, M. J. & HARRIS, D. J.: 'Multilateral Treaties: Index and Current Status'; London; 1984.
CUSICK, James: 'Gaddafi prepares a Sacrifice', in: 'Independent', 30 September 1993.
ELLIOTT, Harvey, WEBSTER, Philip & EVANS, Michael: 'Doubts grow over 747 Bomb', in: 'Times', 24 December 1988.
EVANS. Kathy: 'The Syrian Connection', in: 'Guardian', 16 November 1994.
FLINT, Julie: 'Lockerbie Bomb Experts play down Libya Link', in: 'Observer', 16 December 1990.
GODDARD, Donald & COLEMAN & Lester K.: 'Trail of the Octopus: From Beirut to Lockerbie: Inside the DIA'; London; 1993.
HEWITT, Gavin: 'Up in the Air', in: 'Listener', Volume 122, No. 3,144 (14 December 1989).
LEPPARD, David: 'Lockerbie: The Tangled Trail', in: 'Sunday Times', 5 November 1988.
MERRITT, John: 'Lockerbie: Is there a Cover-up7', in: 'Observer', 19 March 1989.
NORTON-TAYLOR, Richard: 'Bomb was carried by a CIA Drug Mule', in: 'Guardian', 16 November 1994.
PALMER, Alasdair: 'Lies, Libya and Lockerbie', in: 'Spectator', Volume 268, No. 8,542 (28 March 1992).
'The Lockerbie Files', in: 'Sunday Times', 30 September 1990,
'Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation': United Kingdom Treaty Series: Volume 10 (1974): Cmd. 5,524).
'Keesing's Record of World Events', Volumes 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40.
'Guardian', 28 February 1992.
'Times', 15 November 1991.
DIA - (United States) Defence Intelligence Agency.