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            A L L I A N C E ! A Revolutionary Communist Quarterly
                    2004: Volume 2: Issue 2:
                   
                    June to September 2004


A REFERENCE GUIDE TO US IMPERIALIST AGGRESSION

US MILITARY OPERATIONS (1948-2002)
This simply tabulates all the wars - under whatever disguise - launched by USA imperialism - from 1948 on.

We hope it provides a useful quick reference guide.

 


PART I:  THE COLD WAR (1948-1989)

   

Name

Place

Dates

Troop Numbers

Berlin Airlift

Berlin

26 June 1948 - 30 Sept. 1949

n/a

Korean War

Korea

27 June 1950 - 27 July 1953

n/a

Taiwan Straits

Taiwan Straits

11 Aug.1954 - 1 May 1955

n/a

Suez Crisis

Egypt

26 July 1956 - 15 Nov. 1956

n/a

Blue Bat

Lebanon

15 July 1958 -20 Oct. 1958

n/a

Taiwan Straits

Quemoy and Matsu Islands

23 Aug 1958 1 June 1963.

n/a

Taiwan Straits

Taiwan Straits

23 Aug. 1958 1 Jan. 1959

n/a

Congo

Congo

14 July 1960 1 Sept. 1962

n/a

Berlin

Berlin

14 Aug. 1961 1 June 1963

n/a

Operation Ranch Hand

Vietnam

Jan. 1962 1971

n/a

Vietnam War

Vietnam

15 March 1962 28 Jan. 1973

n/a

Cuban Missile Crisis

Cuba

24 Oct. 1962 1 June 1963

n/a

n/a

Chinese Nuclear Facilities

15 Oct. 1963 Oct. 1964

n/a

Red Dragon

Congo

23 Nov. 1964 27 Nov. 1964

n/a

Operation Rolling Thunder

Vietnam

24 Feb. 1965 Oct. 1968

n/a

Powerpack

Dominican Republic

28 April 1965 21 Sept. 1966

n/a

Operation Arc Light

Southeast Asia

18 June 1965 April 1970

n/a

CHASE

Various

1967 1970

n/a

Six Day War

Mideast

13 May 1967 10 June 1967

n/a

Red Fox Pueblo Incident

Korea

23 Jan. 1968 5 Feb. 1969

n/a

Graphic  Hand

US Domestic

1970 1970

n/a

Operation Tailwind

Laos

1970 1970

n/a

Operation Ivory Coast/Kingpin

North Vietnam

20 Nov. 1970 21 Nov. 1970

n/a

Red Hat

Johnston Island

Jan. 1971 Sept. 1971

n/a

Operations Endsweep

North Vietnam

21 Jan. 1972 27 July 1973

n/a

Operation Freedom Train

North Vietnam

6 April 1972 10 May 1972

n/a

Garden Plot

US Domestic

30 April 1972 4 May 1972

n/a

Operation Linebacker I

North Vietnam

10 May 1972 23 Oct. 1972

n/a

Operation Linebacker II

North Vietnam

18 Dec. 1972 29 Dec. 1972

n/a

Nickel Grass

Mideast

6 Oct. 1972 17 Nov. 1973

n/a

Eagle Pull

Cambodia

11 April 1975 13 April 1975

n/a

Frequent Wind

Saigon

29 April 1975 30 April 1975

n/a

New Life

Vietnam

April 1975

n/a

Mayaguez Operation

 Cambodia

15 May 1975

n/a

Paul Bunyan Tree Incident

Korea

18 Aug. 1976 21 Aug. 1976

n/a

SETCON I

Colorado

1978 1978

n/a

Ogaden Crisis

Somalia/Ethiopia

Feb. 1978 March 1978

n/a

Red Bean

Zaire

May 1976 23 March 1978

n/a

Yemen

Iran/Yemen/Persian Indian Ocean

6 Dec. 1978 6 Jan. 1978

n/a

Elf One

Saudi Arabia

March 1979 15 April 1989

n/a

ROK Park Succession Crisis

Korea

26 Oct. 1979 28 June 1980

n/a

EAGLE CLAW/Desert One

Iran

25 April 1980

n/a

SETCON II

Colorado

May 1980 June 1980

n/a

Creek Sentry

Poland

Dec. 1980 1981

n/a

Central America

Nicaragua/El Salvador

1 Jan. 1981 1 Feb. 1992

n/a

RMT Rocky Mountain Transfer

Colorado

Aug. 1981 Sept. 1981

n/a

Gulf of Sidra

Libya

18 Aug. 1981 18 Aug. 1981

n/a

Bright Star

Egypt

6 Oct. 1981 Nov. 1981

n/a

US Multinational Force

Lebanon

25 Aug. 1982 1 Dec. 1987

n/a

Arid Farmer

Chad/Sudan

18 March 1983 Aug. 1983

n/a

Urgent Fury

Grenada

23 Oct. 1983 21 Nov. 1983

n/a

Intense Look

Red Sea/Gulf of Suez

July 1984 July 1984

n/a

Achille Lauro

Mediterranean

7 Oct. 1985 11 Oct. 1985

n/a

Attain Document

Libya

26 Jan. 1986 29 March 1986

n/a

EL DORADO CANYON

Libya

12 April 1986 17 April 1986

n/a

Blast Furnace

Bolivia

July 1986 Nov. 1986

n/a

PRAYING MANTIS

Persian Gulf

17 April 1988 19 April 1988

n/a

ERNEST WILL

Persian Gulf

24 July 1987 2 Aug. 1990

n/a

Nimrod Dancer

Panama

May 1989 31 Jan. 1989

n/a

Hawkeye

St. Croix/US Virgin Islands

20 Sept. 1989 17 Nov. 1989

n/a

Classic Resolve

Philippines

Nov. 1989 Dec. 1989

n/a

JUST CAUSE

Panama

20 Dec. 1989 31 Jan. 1989

n/a

Promote Liberty

Panama

31 Jan. 1990

n/a




PART II:  THE CLINTON ERA (1990-2000)

A.      Southwest Asia

Name

Place

Dates

Troop Numbers

[None] (air strike)

Iraq

26 June 1993 13 Jan. 1993

n/a

[None] (cruise missile strike)

Iraq

13 Jan .1993 17 Jan. 1993

n/a

[None] (cruise missile strike)

Iraq

17 Jan. 1993 26 June 1993

n/a

DESERT STRIKE

Iraq

3 Sept. 1996 4 Sept. 1996

n/a

DESERT THUNDER

Iraq

Feb. 1998 16 Dec. 1998

n/a

DESERT FOX

Iraq

16 Dec. 1998 20 Dec. 1998

n/a

Shining Presence

Israel

Dec. 1998

n/a

Phoenix Scorpion IV

Iraq

Dec. 1998

n/a

Phoenix Scorpion III

Iraq

Nov. 1998

n/a

Phoenix Scorpion II

Iraq

Feb. 1998

n/a

Phoenix Scorpion I

Iraq

Nov. 1997

n/a

Desert Focus

Saudi Arabia

July 1996 Jan. 2000

n/a

Vigilant Warrior

Kuwait

Oct. 1994 Nov. 1994

n/a

Vigilant Sentinel

Kuwait

Aug. 1995 15 Feb. 1997

n/a

Intrinsic Action

Kuwait

1 Dec. 1995 1 Oct. 1999

n/a

Desert Spring

Kuwait

1 Oct. 1999 2002

n/a

Iris Gold

SW Asia

1993 2002

n/a

Pacific Haven/Quick Transit

Iraq > Guam

15 Sept. 1996 16 Dec. 1996

n/a

Provide Comfort

Kurdistan

5 April 1991 Dec. 1994

42,500

Provide Comfort II

Kurdistan

24 July 1991 31 Dec. 1996

n/a

Northern Watch

Kurdistan

31 Dec. 1996 2002

1,100

Southern Watch

SW Asia/Iraq

1991 2000

14,000

Desert Falcon

Saudi Arabia

1991 -- 2002

n/a

 

B.      Other Operations

Name

Place

Dates

Troop Numbers

Korea

Korea

Ongoing

n/a

New Horizons

Central American

Ongoing

n/a

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone

May 2000

n/a

MONUC

Democratic Republic of Congo

Feb. 2000 Ongoing

n/a

Resolute Response

Africa

Aug. 1998 2002

n/a

Gatekeeper

California

1995 2002

n/a

Hold-the-Line

Texas

1995 2002

n/a

Safeguard

Arizona

1995 2002

n/a

Golden Pheasant

Honduras

Mar. 1988 2002

n/a

Alliance

US Southern Border

1986 2002

n/a

Provide Hope I

Former Soviet Union

10 Feb. 1992 26 Feb. 1992

n/a

Provide Hope II

Former Soviet Union

15 April 1992 29 July 1992

n/a

Provide Hope III

Former Soviet Union

1993

n/a

Provide Hope IV

Former Soviet Union

10 Jan. 1994 19 Dec. 1994

n/a

Provide Hope V

Former Soviet Union

6 Nov. 1998 10 May 1999

n/a

 

C.      "Anti-Drug" Operations

Name

Place

Dates

Troop Numbers

Coronet Nighthawk

Central/South America

1991 2002

n/a

Coronet Oak

Central South America

Oct. 1977 17 Feb. 1999

n/a

Selva Verde

Colombia

1995 2002

n/a

Badge

Kentucky

1990 2002

n/a

Ghost Dancer

Oregon

1990 2002

n/a

Greensweep

California

July 1990 Aug. 1990

n/a

Grizzly

California

1990 2002

n/a

Wipeout

Hawaii

1990 2002

n/a

Ghost Zone

Bolivia

March 1990 1993

n/a

Constant Vigil

Bolivia

1991 1994

n/a

Support Justice

South America

1991 1994

n/a

Steady State

South America

1994 April 1996

n/a

Green Clover

South America

1996 1998

n/a

Laser Strike

South America

April 1996 2002

n/a

Agate Path

Continental US

April 1996 2002

n/a

Enhanced Ops

Continental US

1998 2002

n/a

 

D.      Completed Operations

Name

Place

Dates

Troop Numbers

Silent Promise

Mozambique/South Africa

Feb. 2000 April 2000

n/a

Fundamental Response

Venezuela

20 Dec. 1999 2000

n/a

Stabilize

Timor

11 Sept. 1999 Nov. 1999

n/a

Avid Response

Turkey

18 Aug. 1999 Sept. 1999

n/a

Strong Response

Central America

Oct. 1998 10 Feb. 1999

5,700

Infinite Reach

Sudan/Afghanistan

20 Aug. 1998

n/a

Shepherd Venture

Guinea-Bissau

10 June 1998 17 June 1998

130

[None]

Asmara, Eritrea

5 June 1998 6 June 1998

130

Noble Response

Kenya

21 Jan. 1998 25 March 1998

n/a

Bevel Edge

Cambodia

July 1997

n/a

Noble Obelisk

Sierra Leone

May 1997 June 1997

n/a

Guardian Retrieval

Congo (Zaire)

March 1997 June 1997

n/a

Silver Wake

Albania

14 March 1997 26 March 1997

n/a

Guardian Assistance

Zaire/Rwanda/Uganda

15 Nov. 1996 27 Dec. 1996

n/a

Assurance/Phoenix tusk

Zaire/Rwanda/Uganda

15 Nov. 1996 27 Dec. 1996

n/a

Quick Response

Central African Republic

May 1996 Aug. 1996

n/a

Assured Response

Liberia

April 1996 2 May 1996

n/a

Zorro II

Mexico

Dec. 1995 2 May 1996

n/a

Third Taiwan Straits Crisis

Taiwan Strait

25 July 1995 23 March 1996

n/a

Safe Border

Peru/Ecuador

1995 30 June 1999

n/a

United Shield

Somalia

3 Jan. 25 March 1995

4,000

Uphold/Restore Democracy

Haiti

19 Sept. 1994 31 March 1995

21,000

Quiet Resolve/Support Hope

Rwanda

22 July 1994 30 Sept. 1994

2,592

Sea Signal/JTF-160

Cuba > Panama

6 Sept. 1994 1 March 1995

n/a

Distant Runner

Rwanda

5 April 1994 15 April 1994

n/a

Korean Nuclear Crisis

North Korea

10 Feb. 1993 June 1994

n/a

[None]

Liberia

22 Oct. 1992 June 1994

n/a

Provide Relief

Somalia

14 Aug. 1992 8 Dec. 1992

n/a

Restore Hope

Somalia

4 Dec. 1992 4 May 1993

26,000

Continue Hope

Somalia

4 May 1993 Dec. 1993

n/a

Provide Transition

Angola

3 Aug. 1992 9 Oct. 1992

n/a

Garden Plot

Los Angeles, CA

May 1992

4,500

Silver Anvil

Sierra Leone

2 May 1992 5 May 1992

n/a

GTMO

Haiti > Guantanamo, Cuba

23 Nov. 1991

n/a

Safe Harbor

Haiti > Guantanamo, Cuba

1992

n/a

Quick Lift

Zaire

24 Sept. 1991 7 Oct. 1991

n/a

Victor Squared

Haiti

Sept. 1991

n/a

Fiery Vigil

Philippines

June 1991

n/a

Productive Effort/Sea Angel

Bangladesh

May 1991 June 1991

n/a

Eastern Exit

Somalia

2 Jan. 1991 11 Jan. 1991

n/a

DESERT STORM

Southwest Asia

2 Aug. 1990 1 Jan. 1992

555,000

Desert Shield

Southwest Asia

2 Aug. 1990 17 Jan. 1991

555,000

Imminent Thunder

Southwest Asia

Nov. 1990

555,000

Proven Force

Southwest Asia

17 Jan. 1991 28 Feb. 1991

555,000

DESERT SWORD/ DESERT SABRE

Southwest Asia

24 Feb. 1991 28 Feb. 1991

555,000

Desert Calm

Southwest Asia

1 March 1991 1 Jan. 1992

555,000

Desert Farewell

Southwest Asia

1 Jan. 1992

555,000

Steel Box/Golden Python

Johnston Island

26 July 1990 18 Nov. 1990

555,000

Sharp Edge

Liberia

May 1990 8 Jan. 1991

n/a

 

PART III:   RECENT OPERATIONS (1992 2002)

Name

Place

Dates

Troop Numbers

Joint Guardian

Kosovo

11 June 1999 2001

n/a

Allied Force/Noble Anvil

Kosovo

23 March 1999 10 June 1999

n/a

Determined Force

Kosovo

8 Oct. 1998 23 March 1999

n/a

Cobalt Flash

Kosovo

n/a

n/a

Shining Hope

Kosovo

n/a

n/a

Sustain Hope/Allied Harbor

Kosovo

n/a

n/a

Provide Refuge

Kosovo

5 April 1999 Fall 1999

n/a

Open Arms

Kosovo

n/a

n/a

Eagle Eye

Kosovo

16 Oct. 1998 24 March 1999

n/a

Determined Falcon

Kosovo & Albania

15 June 1998 16 June 1998

n/a

Determined Effort

Bosnia-Herzegovina

July 1995 Dec. 1995

n/a

Joint Endeavor

Bosnia-Herzegovina

Dec. 1995 Dec. 1996

n/a

Joint Guard

Bosnia-Herzegovina

Dec. 1996 June 1998

n/a

Joint Forge

Bosnia-Herzegovina

20 June 1998 2002

6,900

DELIBERATE FORCE

Bosnian Serbs

29 Aug. 1995 21 Sept. 1995

n/a

Quick Lift

Croatia

3 July 1995 11 Aug. 1995

n/a

Nomad Vigil

Albania

1 July 1995 5 Nov. 1996

n/a

Nomad Endeavor

Taszar, Hungary

March 1996 2002

n/a

Able Sentry

Serbia-Macedonia

5 July 1994 2002

n/a

Deny Flight

Bosnia-Herzegovina

12 April 1993 20 Dec. 1995

2,000

Decisive Endeavor/  Decisive Edge

Bosnia-Herzegovina

Jan 1996 Dec. 1996

n/a

Decisive Guard/

Deliberate Guard

Bosnia-Herzegovina

Dec. 1996 20 June 1998

n/a

Deliberate Forge

Bosnia-Herzegovina

20 June 1998 2002

n/a

Sky Monitor

Bosnia-Herzegovina

16 Oct. 1992 2002

n/a

Maritime Monitor

Adriatic Sea

16 July 1992 22 Nov. 1992

n/a

Maritime Guard

Adriatic Sea

22 Nov. 1992 15 June 1993

n/a

Sharp Guard

Adriatic Sea

15 June 1993 19 June 1996

11,700

Decisive Enhancement

Adriatic Sea

Dec. 1995 19 June 1996

n/a

Determined Guard

Adriatic Sea

Dec. 1996 2002

n/a

Provide Promise

Bosnia

3 July 1992 March 1996

1,000